CITY Research Subcluster
While cities such as Copenhagen and Vienna epitomize the potential of “the people-friendly city,” most current principles and methodologies of urban development fail to deliver an effective mobility turn. By effective we mean mediatory, too, since links must be forged between solutions for the metropolitan and the district (neighborhood) levels, between users’ perspectives and the overarching interests of civil society. The CITY Research Subcluster therefore works on means of identifying and assessing the potential of those building blocks of sustainable urban development likely to foster mobility behaviors that are environmentally friendly and multimodal (i.e. involve various transport system providers). Research focuses on “Accessible Hubs” (neighborhood and station typologies); on mobility concepts that are specifically designed to enhance the quality of urban living and the urban climate; on design elements in public space that reduce barriers and enhance user experience (UX); and on digital tools for citizen participation and interaction. This approach draws on classic means of spatial analysis, such as GIS and Space Syntax, as well as on the assessment of psychophysiological effects (e.g. pulse and eye tracking) and on subjective evaluations, via smartphone, of street experience/ public space. The goal is to help shape the fundamental principles of urban development by making both policy recommendations and design proposals for selected transport hubs in the Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region.